Sunday, 1 November 2015

What is Physical exercise?

Physical exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health or wellness. It is performed for various reasons. These include strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance and for enjoyment.
Exercises are generally grouped into three types depending on the overall effect they have on the human body:
Flexibility exercises, such as stretching, improves the range of motion of Muscles and joints
Aerobic exercises, such as cycling, swimming, walking, skipping rope, rowing, running, hiking or playing tennis, focus on increasing cardiovascular endurance Anaerobic exercises, such as weight training, functional training or sprinting, increase short-term muscle strength
By making your goal “FITNESS”, you will automatically incorporate exercise in it. This is because exercise is required to improve your:
Cardiovascular healthFlexibilityStrengthStaminaLung capacityAgility and balanceSpeedPowerAccuracy and coordinationSeems like a long list, but guess what? Mostly any from of exercise that you choose will help you develop all of the above, though there will be some sports and exercises that focus more on a couple of them, depending on the usage and requirement of that part.
Physical exercise is important for maintaining physical fitness and can contribute positively to maintaining a healthy weight, building and maintaining healthy bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility, promoting physiological well-being, reducing surgical risks, and strengthening the immune system.
Exercise also reduces the levels of cortisol. Cortisol is a stress hormone that builds fat in the abdominal region, making weight loss difficult. Cortisol causes many health problems, both physical and mental.
Frequent and regular aerobic exercise has been shown to help prevent or treat serious and life-threatening chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, obesity, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, insomnia, and depression. 

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